An abortion is the termination of a pregnancy by removing a fetus or embryo from one’s uterus. They are performed before the fetus can survive on its own outside of the womb.
There are two primary modes of having an abortion: a medical abortion and a surgical abortion.
1. Medical Abortion
This is a non-surgical way of terminating a pregnancy by taking medication known as an abortion pill. It is generally used within the first 9 weeks (63 days) of a pregnancy. When taken, it blocks the hormone progesterone. A lack of progesterone will break down the uterine lining, making it impossible for the pregnancy to continue
2. Surgical Abortion
This is the method you’re probably most familiar with. It’s the more invasive way of performing an abortion. There are two kinds of surgical abortions, the most common being aspiration, which is generally performed no later than 16 weeks after a missed period. The other is dilation and evacuation, a later-term abortion method which occurs later than 16 weeks after a missed period. The procedures are largely the same, but the latter requires a little more time and pain medication.
What Happens Afterwards?
Most people feel fine within a day or two, but it’s common for bleeding to last for a week (or several weeks after the abortion pill). Cramping can also happen for a few days.
For some, having an abortion is simple and straightforward, and they may only feel relieved afterwards. Others may feel sadness, guilt, or regretful. The emotional impact varies for different people
1. The Morning After Pill And The Abortion Pill Are The Same. This rumor sometimes stems from confusion, but it can also be used to dissuade women from getting the morning after pill out of fear that it causes an abortion. It doesn't. The morning after pill is what you take after unprotected sex to avoid getting pregnant in the first place, and it works by stopping ovulation.
2. Vitamin C Can Induce A ‘Natural Home Abortion’: There’s a lot of information online about ‘natural home abortion’ or ‘Vitamin C abortion’ but this has no medical grounds. There’s no evidence that taking large amounts of Vitamin C can cause an abortion, but it may cause stomach pain, diarrhea and flatulence.
3. Having An Abortion Will Make It Difficult To Get Pregnant In The Future: In a regulated, safe, and legal clinic there should be no cause for fertility issues after treatment.
4. Abortion Causes Breast Cancer: National Cancer Institute and the World Health Organization have made research and concluded that abortion does not increase a woman’s risk of developing breast cancer.
1. Abortion in Nigeria is illegal and carries a heavy jail sentence--up to 14 years imprisonment--unless it is performed to save the life of the pregnant woman.
2. In Nigeria, abortions are common, and most are unsafe because they are done clandestinely, by unskilled providers or both.
3. Unsafe abortion is a major contributor to the country’s high levels of maternal death, ill health and disability. Nigeria has one of the highest maternal mortality ratios in the world, and little improvement has occurred in recent years.
4. Contraceptive use remains low in Nigeria. In 2013, only 16% of all women of reproductive age (15–49) were using any contraceptive method, and only 11% were using a modern method—levels that remain virtually unchanged since 2008.
5. According to research done by the Guttmacher Institute, an estimated 456,000 unsafe abortions are done in Nigeria every year. In 2012, the proportion of pregnancies ending in induced abortion was lowest in the South West (11%), and highest in the North East (16%) and South South (17%).
Pelvic Infection: Germs (bacteria) from the vagina or cervix may enter the uterus during the abortion and cause an infection in the pelvic region. Antibiotics can treat infections but, in rare cases, a repeat suction abortion, hospitalisation and/or surgery may be required.
Incomplete abortion risks: An incomplete abortion outlines that part of the fetus, or other products of pregnancy (placenta), may not drain completely from the uterus, requiring further medical procedures. This may result in infection and bleeding.
Blood clots in the uterus: Blood clots that produce severe cramping can also occur. The clots usually are removed by a repeat surgical abortion procedure.
Excessive bleeding: Some bleeding is typical after an abortion. Heavy bleeding (hemorrhaging) is not common and may be treated by repeat suction (surgical abortion), medication or, rarely, surgery.
Damage of the entrance to the womb (cervix): This occurs in up to 1 in every 100 surgical abortions.
Damage to the womb: occurs in 1 in every 250 to 1,000 surgical abortions and less than 1 in 1,000 medical abortions carried out at 12 to 24 weeks.
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