There are about 100,000 strands of hair on the human scalp and it is normal to lose 50-100 strands of hair daily. So what most of us call breakage is actually normal. However, when it is more than this, then you could say your hair is really breaking.
So how can you prevent or stop hair breakage?
When washing your hair make sure you use shampoos which are free from sulfates, alcohol and glycol. They strip your hair from its natural oils and keep your hair dry. We all know that dry hair breaks.
Use moisturizing shampoos, conditioner and leave in conditioners to keep your hair hydrated and lively.
Avoid washing your hair too often because this can dry out your hair and cause breakage, It’s generally recommended that a wash once a week would be sufficient to keep your hair clean without causing damage.
Pre-poo before you wash. Pre-poo means applying oil on your hair before you wash it. You can rub coconut oil or any other oil into your hair, leave it into your hair then wash as usual. It helps to leave your hair moisturized after the wash.
Take care of your ends, the ends of your hair are the oldest part of your hair so they are actually the weakest. Therefore, they need more care than the rest of your hair. Apply leave in conditioner, water and oil to seal in moisture.
When applying shampoo focus on your scalp, applying it on your ends can make them brittle.
If your hair is still damaged it is advisable to skip shampoo and use more of conditioner by co-washing which means conditioner washing.
Avoid towel drying your hair . Instead, dry your hair gently with a cotton T-shirt.
It’s advisable to finger-detangle before using a comb on your hair. When detangling you should use your fingers to slowly work out the tangles or knots before you comb.
Avoid color (dye) treatments or bleaching your hair because it weakens your hair which leads to breakage.
Minimize heat exposure. It’s advisable not to use heat at all but if you must, make sure you use a heat protector, the heat used should be on the lowest level and used infrequently to prevent heat damage.
Keep your hands from your hair. You could do this by styling your hair protectively e.g. braids, cornrows, bantu knots, twists etc. make sure it is not too tight.
Do a protein treatment. You can buy protein treatments or make one at home. e.g. a DIY egg mask. Egg whites are rich and healthy and contains protein for your hair and skin which helps clean your scalp while the yolk nourishes the hair and gives it shine. You can also do banana mask by mashing up a banana with yoghurt and an egg which contains a generous amount of protein and helps prevent breakage.
With all these tips, time and consistency you should have less breakage.